How you go about cutting roses can affect the health of both the cut roses and the remaining rose plant. Cutting a long stem along with the flower weakens the rose plant because of the loss of foliage. The general rule when removing roses is to cut just above the first leaf with five leaflets. New plants are especially sensitive to leaf loss, so take only short stems along with the blooms during the first year.
Tips to cut roses:
- Cut roses in the early morning or late afternoon, when the plant’s moisture is highest.
- Use a sharp tool to cut roses, so you don’t damage the lower part of the stem and encourage diseases.
- Select blossoms that are just opening or partially opened, as they will last much longer indoors. Leave at least two leaves on the stems below the cut.
- Immediately after you cut the roses, place them in a bucket of lukewarm water. Let them remain in the water for several hours before arranging them for display.
Tips for preserving cut roses:
- Use plain, lukewarm water.
- Change the water every 2 days.
- You can add a cut flower preservative to the water in the vase. Or if you don’t have any immediately handy, mix a bit of lemon juice and sugar together and drip it into the vase.
- Don’t carelessly remove thorns and leaves from cut roses. Peeling or tearing back the skin interferes with water uptake to the petals.
- Keep the roses out of direct sunlight, and move them to a cool place at night.
- Keep cut roses away from fruit, which releases a gas that causes flowers to age faster.