To propagate, or reproduce, a rose plant, you need to know how to grow roses from cuttings. The best time to grow roses from cuttings is in the spring when the weather is cool and the plants are vigorous after the winter slumber.
Basically, you just need to ensure that the new cuttings have a safe, moist, and humid environment so the roots have time to develop.
- Choose a location in your garden where you want to plant and clear the area of weeds and other plants. If possible, select a permanent location to avoid the stress of transplanting. You want your new cutting to be exposed to sunlight, but not too much direct afternoon sun because the cutting can become overheated.
- Select a young shoot for propagation. Older stems will not grow as well as young, tender ones. Select a cane that does not have a bud on it yet, and make sure the cane is disease free.
- Use a sharp knife to cut off a piece of the shoot approximately half a foot long. Cut at a 45-degree angle.
- Remove the leaves at the bottom of the cane but not the ones near the top.
- Optional step 1: Dip the shoot in a rooting hormone. Using a rooting hormone may improve the chance of the rose taking root but is not required.
- Optional step 2: Use a sharp knife to lightly score one side of the shoot (at the bottom for about one inch) and then dip it in compost. This step also encourages root growth.
- Plant the shoot in a couple of inches of soil.
- Water the shoot and then cover it with a plastic or glass container, which keeps the temperature high and retains moisture so that the shoots grow better.
- Check your shoot often, ensuring that it is moist enough. If the ground is dry, then you need to water. You can remove the glass or plastic container if temperatures reach at least 75 degrees, but be sure to cover the plant at night when the temperature drops.
Now that you know how to grow roses from cuttings, don’t expect to see results right away. The plant may appear dormant, but all the activity is happening below the surface. Your new rose bush needs time to develop roots to support it. You should see some growth after two or three weeks.
If at first you don’t succeed, just try again. Many inexperienced growers can have difficulty with how to grow roses from cuttings. Though the success rate for new cuttings is low, you can improve your odds by planting several cuttings at a time. If they all develop, you can transplant some of the clippings or offer them to other rose enthusiasts you know.
Note: You can also propagate roses in containers. Simply, fill a garden pot with potting soil, place the rose cutting into the soil, and place the pot in a sunny location. Water the rose cutting regularly.
Do remember that it is against the law to reproduce a hybrid rose plant that has been patented.
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Taylor’s Guide to Roses: How to Grow Roses
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