Hypoallergenic dogs cause fewer allergens in the air. These dogs are not completely pet allergies proof but do tend to generate fewer allergy-causing elements. It is impossible to find a dog that causes no allergens.
Many people think that animal hair causes the allergic reaction, but it is actually the pet dander (dead skin cells) and what attaches itself to the pet hair that cause dog allergies. Although animal hair is not a significant allergen, the hair can collect pollen, dust, mold, and other allergens. Hence, larger and longer haired dogs tend to generate more allergens than smaller and shorter haired dogs.
Hypoallergenic dogs that are also family-friendly include Bichon Frise, Irish Terrier, and Poodles.
If you are a single adult, you might want to consider a dog that is happy with minimal people around and tends to bond with one person rather than several, such as a Chihuahua or a Portuguese Water Dog.
You can also choose a hairless dog such as the Chinese Crested, American Hairless Terrier, Mexican Hairless (Xoloitzcuintle), or Peruvian Inca Orchid.
Dogs to stay away from due to a lot of shedding include Cocker Spaniels, Irish Setters, Dachshunds, Basset Hounds, German Shepherds, and Afghan Hounds.
Test your reaction before you buy the dog.
If buying a dog from a breeder, spend at least 30 minutes playing with the dog and being in the dog’s area to see how you react. If you have a reaction in that amount of time, then you can be sure that having that dog in your home is not a good idea. (Avoid exposure to other dogs justbefore and after your visit so that you can be sure you are testing only the one dog.)
If you’re using a breeder who lives far away, send a clothing item to the breeder and ask him/her to place it near the dog for a day and send it back to you in a plastic bag. Wear the clothing item or breathe in the smell and see how you react. If you have no reaction, consider visiting the breeder in person.
Good Grooming Reduces Allergens
If you choose an indoor dog, groom and bathe the dog regularly to reduce the amount of pet dander. You can also use a dander remover or an allergen-reducing shampoo. Taking care of your dog’s hair is an important part of reducing the components that cause allergies.